Fire prevention tools play an extremely important role in life. Especially if you live in a high-rise building or mini apartment complex.
Below are some fire protection equipment that should be equipped in the house to prevent on-site fires, safely escape, and reduce damage to people and property.
06 EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR FIRE PREVENTION AND FIGHTING
1. Fire detector
First is the fire detector. It has the effect of sending a fire alarm signal to the fire alarm center when a fire or explosion occurs.
This is a device recommended for installation in apartments, offices, buildings, etc. to prevent fires from occurring. To warn people living in that area about the potential risk of fire and explosion.
Currently, on the market there are many different types of fire detectors such as smoke detectors, gas leak detectors… at affordable prices. The average ranges from 300,000 to 500,000 depending on the origin and battery life.
2. Escape hammer
The second fire protection device is the emergency hammer. This type of hammer is made from rust-resistant high-strength carbon steel. They are designed to create a large impact force to break the exit door in the event of a fire.
Escape hammers come in many different sizes. Before buying, you should also learn more about the product to be sure to choose one with the right size, quality, and reasonable price.
In general, this is one of the must-have fire protection equipment to prevent fires and explosions.
3. Fire extinguishers handle initial fires
Another commonly seen fire protection device is the initial treatment fire extinguisher. According to statistics, nearly 90% of small fires can be controlled by using hand-held fire extinguishers for initial treatment before the fire spreads further.
On the market today there are two popular types: powder fire extinguishers and CO2 fire extinguishers. For powder fire extinguishers, the inside contains N2 gas as a thrust to spray powder to extinguish the fire. Fire extinguishing powder is non-toxic, non-conductive and effective in extinguishing solid, liquid, gas, electrical fires, etc.
Portable CO2 fire extinguisher has a weight of 3kg, 5kg inside containing compressed CO2-790C gas at high pressure. They effectively extinguish solid, liquid, and electrical fires.
4. Anti-smoke mask
Anti-smoke masks have many diverse designs such as full-face masks, heat-resistant glasses, and air filter support with activated carbon filter.
Anti-smoke masks are designed to be worn easily within 3 seconds, most masks have two smoke filters that can be used for 30 minutes to 1 hour depending on the density of the smoke. This device helps you breathe normally to overcome dense clouds of smoke and move to a safe place.
5. Escape rope ladder
For stainless steel rope ladders: made of stainless steel thread, hooked to the railing of the building, only suitable for houses with a height of 10m or less, equivalent to a 3-storey house.
The slow lowering emergency rope ladder set is a compact and lightweight toolbox that includes the emergency rope, hanger, strap and speed regulator made of super durable powder-coated steel with speed brake feature. The escape rope has a length of 20m – 100m, corresponding to the height from the 3rd floor to the 33rd floor. The product has a very slow and safe lowering speed but helps you quickly escape dangerous areas.
Typical emergency rope ladder products cost from 100,000 VND to 400,000 VND. Meanwhile, more high-end imported products are fully equipped with accessories such as mounting brackets, buttons, vertical mounting brackets, gear boxes, cables, safety belts, and can withstand large loads. These products help move by swinging down from high floors according to the mechanical principle of pulleys, priced from 4,000,000 VND or more.
6. Fire blanket
Blankets used in firefighting are usually made from cotton fibers, which are easily absorbent. When there is a fire, quickly dip the blanket in water so that the water soaks into the blanket. At this time, the cotton fibers in the blanket will expand and increase the surface of the blanket.
Regulations on fire prevention and fighting equipment
According to TCVN 3890:2021 on fire prevention and fighting – vehicles, fire prevention and fighting systems for houses and buildings – equipment and arrangement, it should be noted:
- Equip and arrange fire extinguishers.
- Equip and arrange automatic fire alarm system and local fire alarm equipment.
- Equip and arrange automatic fire extinguishing system.
- Equip and arrange fire hydrant systems in homes and buildings, and fire water supply systems outside homes.
- Equipment. Arrange motorized firefighting equipment.
- Equip and arrange vehicles and breaking tools only; filtering masks and isolation respirators.
- Equip and arrange emergency lighting system. And exit instructions, loudspeaker system and escape control.
- Equip and arrange initial fire-fighting equipment.
From the above notes, you can prepare adequate fire prevention and fighting equipment. At the same time, learn how to install fire protection equipment more properly.
According to Article 4, Law No. 27/2001/QH10 of the National Assembly: Law on Fire Prevention and Fighting, fire prevention and fighting principles include:
“Mobilizing the combined strength of the entire population to participate in fire prevention and fighting activities”.
“In fire prevention and fighting activities, prevention is the main priority; must actively and proactively prevent and minimize fires that occur and damage caused by fires.
“We must prepare forces, means, plans and other conditions so that when a fire occurs, we can fight it promptly and effectively.”
“All fire prevention and fighting activities must first be carried out and resolved with on-site forces and means.”
According to Industry and Trade Magazine